Stablecoins on the Market

Types of Stablecoins and AquaUSD's Place

Aqua Protocol has established itself as the pioneering over-collateralized stablecoin solution in the TON ecosystem, backed by Liquid Staking Tokens (LSTs), significantly advancing the realms of lending and stablecoins.

Overview of Stablecoins

Stablecoins, a subgroup of cryptocurrencies, are specifically designed to track the value of a fiat currency like the USD, maintaining a 1:1 ratio. Many DeFi users allocate a significant portion of their portfolios to stablecoins due to their reliable value preservation and liquidity provisioning.

Currently, stablecoins fall into three primary categories:

  1. Fiat-Collateralized and 1:1 Collateralized: These stablecoins are backed by fiat currencies (such as USD or EUR) and include well-known examples like Tether (USDT), USD Coin (USDC), and TrueUSD (TUSD). Typically, centralized institutions issue and oversee them, and they maintain a 1:1 collateral ratio, meaning that one unit of fiat currency backs each stablecoin.

  2. Crypto Backed and Over-Collateralized: Crypto-Collateralized stablecoins are supported by cryptocurrencies (like Bitcoin or Ethereum) and include Dai, BitUSD, and sUSD. These stablecoins tend to have lower collateral ratios, often around 1:1.5 or 1:2, which means that for each stablecoin issued, 1.5 or 2 cryptocurrencies are pledged as collateral.

  3. Algorithmic and Under-Collateralized: Algorithmic stablecoins, such as Basis Cash and Frax, employ sophisticated algorithms to maintain stable prices. Their price stability mechanisms involve flexible supply adjustments and incentive structures to balance supply and demand and stabilize prices. However, algorithmic stablecoins have faced challenges in maintaining stability during crypto market downturns.

AquaUSD is classified as a "Crypto Backed and Over-Collateralized Stablecoin." It is supported by Liquid Staking Tokens (LSTs) on the Ton blockchain, specifically staked TONCOINs, with a minimum collateral ratio of 1:1.5, providing a strong and reliable collateral framework.

The Role and Need for AquaUSD in the TON Ecosystem:

  • Filling the Over-Collateralized Stablecoin Gap: The TON ecosystem lacks over-collateralized stablecoins. AquaUSD addresses this by providing a stablecoin backed by cryptocurrency collateral.

  • Enhancing Stablecoin Liquidity: With limited stablecoin liquidity in TON (around 3 million dollars), AquaUSD aims to augment this, offering more dynamic financial tools.

  • Expanding LST Utility: The utility of Liquid Staking Tokens in TON is currently limited, especially in borrowing protocols. AquaUSD creates new opportunities for these LSTs.

  • Bridging Stablecoin Limitations: Existing bridged stablecoins in TON come with constraints. AquaUSD, being native to the TON ecosystem, offers a more integrated and efficient alternative.

  • Diversifying Lending Protocols: The introduction of AquaUSD diversifies the lending landscape in TON, which has been lacking in stablecoin options.

USDT's Presence and Aqua Protocol's Unique Position: Even if a native version of USDT becomes available in the TON ecosystem, it is not seen as a direct competitor to AquaUSD. This is because Aqua Protocol's primary focus is on lending. AquaUSD is specifically designed to enhance the lending framework within TON, offering a distinct and specialized solution that goes beyond the basic utility of a stablecoin like USDT. Aqua Protocol's approach emphasizes leveraging cryptocurrency collateral for lending purposes, making it a unique and essential part of the TON DeFi ecosystem.

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